Saturday, April 19, 2014

Revelation 22


A pure river of the water of life, as clear as crystal flows from the throne of God and of the Lamb. The tree of life bears twelve fruits every month. The leaves of the tree have healing properties. There shall be no more curse. God’s servants serve Him with His name on their foreheads, there shall be no night.
Revelation 22:5 There will be no more night. They will not need the light of a lamp or the light of the sun, for the Lord God will give them light. And they will reign for ever and ever.
"These words are trustworthy and true," the angel said to John. Blessed is he who keeps the words of the prophecy of this book. John fell down to worship the angel, and is chastised a second time. John is told not to seal the words of the prophecy of this book, for the time is at hand.
Revelation 22:10 Then he told me, “Do not seal up the words of the prophecy of this scroll, because the time is near. Let the one who does wrong continue to do wrong; let the vile person continue to be vile; let the one who does right continue to do right; and let the holy person continue to be holy.”
Jesus declares he is coming quickly, to give to everyone according to his work. Jesus also declares He is the Alpha and the Omega. Blessed are those who follow His commandments, that they may have the right to the tree of life, and may enter through the gates into the city. Those outside the city are cursed.

Jesus testifies the truth of the testimony, and declares Himself to be the root and offspring of David, the bright and morning star. The Spirit and the bride say, ‘Come!’ Whoever desires, let him take the water of life freely. If anyone adds anything to this books, God will add plagues to him; if anyone takes anything anyway, his name will be taken from the Book of Life.

He who testifies to these things says, ‘Surely I am coming quickly.’

Amen. Come, Lord Jesus!

The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen.






Revelation 21


John saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth has passed away. There is no more sea. The New Jerusalem descends from heaven, prepared as a bride for her husband.
Revelation 21:3-4 And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, “Look! God’s dwelling place is now among the people, and he will dwell with them. They will be his people, and God himself will be with them and be their God. ‘He will wipe every tear from their eyes. There will be no more death’ or mourning or crying or pain, for the old order of things has passed away.”
God, who was seated on the throne said to John, “I am making everything new!” Then he said, “Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”
Revelation 21:6-8 He said to me: “It is done. I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End. To the thirsty I will give water without cost from the spring of the water of life. Those who are victorious will inherit all this, and I will be their God and they will be my children. But the cowardly, the unbelieving, the vile, the murderers, the sexually immoral, those who practice magic arts, the idolaters and all liars - they will be consigned to the fiery lake of burning sulfur. This is the second death.”
One of the seven angels showed the Lamb’s bride, the new city, descending from heaven. The city’s light was like a precious stone, with a great high wall, and twelve gates, with the names of the twelve tribes written on them. The angel measured the city – it is square, with its length, breadth and height equally 144 cubits. The walls were of jasper, and the city of pure gold. The foundation of the wall were adorned with twelve precious stones. The twelve gates were made from twelve pearls.

There was no temple, for the Lord and the Lamb are the temple. There is no need for the sun or the moon.
Revelation 21:23 The city does not need the sun or the moon to shine on it, for the glory of God gives it light, and the Lamb is its lamp. 
The nations of those who are saved will walk in its light. Its gates shall not be shut - nothing impure will enter the gates. Only those whose names are written in the Book of Life shall enter the city.




Revelation 20


John then saw an angel come down from heaven with a key to the Abyss and a great chain in his hand. This angel captured Satan, bound him, and threw him into the pit for a thousand years. After the thousand years, Satan will be released for a little while to deceive.

Then was the first resurrection, these were who did not receive the mark of the beast or worship him. They came to life and reigned with Christ for a thousand years.

After the thousand years were ended, Satan was released to deceive the nations whose number was like the sand of the sea. God sent fire down from heaven and the Devil was thrown into the lake of burning sulfur where the beasts and false prophets had been thrown - to be tormented forever and ever.

Then John saw the great white throne where judgment takes place. At the sight of the face of He who sits on it, earth and heaven flee. The book of life is opened. This is where the dead were judged according to what they had done. After this judgment those judged are thrown into the lake of fire which is the second death.



Revelation 19


God was worshiped in heaven for the judgment against Babylon. John heard "Hallelujah" being shouted everywhere. The marriage of the Lamb to His bride, the church who has made herself ready and was clothed in fine linen - representing those righteous deeds of saints. Then the angel said to John, “Write this: Blessed are those who are invited to the wedding supper of the Lamb!” And he added, “These are the true words of God.” John worshiped the angel, and was chastised for it.

A white horse appeared from heaven; the rider is called Faithful and True. With justice and he judges and wages war. His eyes were like flame, and there were many crowns on his head. He had a name written that no one knew except Himself. He was clothed in a robe dipped in blood.

The armies of heaven followed Him on white horses. A sharp sword goes out of His mouth. He will rule with a rod of iron, and tread the wine-press of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God.
Revelation 19:16 On his robe and on his thigh he has this name written:
KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS
An angel standing in the sun invited the bird to gather for the supper of great God, where they can eat the flesh of God’s enemies, both small and great. There was a battle, and the beast and his false prophet are cast into the fiery lake. The rest were killed with a sword and devoured by the birds.

Revelation 18


An angel with great authority came down from heaven and declared, "Fallen! Fallen is Babylon the Great?" She had become a dwelling for demons and prison for every impure spirit. All nations drank the maddening wine of her adultery; merchants had become rich through her abundant luxury.

God’s people were instructed to separate themselves from Babylon. Babylon will be utterly destroyed by the judgment of the Lord. Those kings who committed fornication and lived luxuriously with her will lament at the swiftness of the judgment against her. Those merchants will lament that nobody is buying their precious merchandise anymore. Those sea-captains who earn a living from the sea will also lament.

An angel threw a great millstone into the sea saying, "So will Babylon the great city be thrown down with violence, and will be found no more." The blood of prophets of God's holy people was found in her.




Revelation 17


One of the seven angels showed John the judgement of the great prostitute who is seated on many waters, with whom the kings of the earth have committed sexual immorality, and with the wine of whose sexual immorality the dwellers on earth have become drunk. John was carried in the Spirit into the wilderness, where he saw a woman on a scarlet beast which was full of blasphemous names. It has seven heads and ten horns.

The woman was dressed in purple and scarlet, and adorned with precious stones and gold. In her hand was a golden cup full of abominations and the filthiness of her adulteries. On her forehead was written, "Babylon the Great, the mother of prostitutes and of the abominations of the earth." The woman was drunk with the blood of God's holy people who bore testimony to Jesus. John became greatly astonished when he saw this.

The seven heads of the beast represent seven kings. Five have fallen, the other has not yet come. When he does come, he must continue for a short time. The ten horns are ten kings who have received no kingdom as yet – they are allies of the beast, and will war against the Lamb, but the Lamb shall overcome them. The ten kings will hate the prostitute, making her desolate and naked, eating her flesh and burning her. The woman is the great city that rules over the kings of the earth.




Revelation 16


A voice from the temple commanded those seven angels to pour the bowls of wrath upon the earth. The pouring of each bowl had its own unique consequence:

First angel – a loathsome sore came upon on those who had the mark of the beast upon them

Second angel – the sea turned to blood, and all living creatures died.

Third angel – all rivers and springs of fresh water turned into blood.

Fourth angel – the sun scorched men with fire; they blasphemed, and did not repent.

Fifth angel – kingdom was plunged into darkness and people gnawed their tongues in anguish and cursed God.

Sixth angel – Euphrates river dried up. Three unclean demonic spirits like frogs came out of the mouths of the dragon, the beast, and the false prophet. These spirits went to the kings of the world to gather them for battle on the great day of God the Almighty. The place that they gathered for war is called Armageddon.

Seventh angel – a voice from heaven declared, ‘It is done!’ there were flashes of lightning, rumblings, peals of thunder, and a great earthquake such as there had never been since man was on the earth, so great was that earthquake. The great city was divided into three parts; God gave Babylon the cup of the wine of His fierceness. And great hailstones, about one hundred pounds each, fell from heaven on people; and they cursed God for the plague of the hail, because the plague was so severe.




Revelation 15


John saw seven angels with seven plagues. Those victorious over the beast stand on a sea on glass, holding harps. They worship with song. They are clothed in pure, bright linen, with golden sashes around their chests.

Those four creatures were given seven golden bowls filled with the wrath of God to the angels. The temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God and from his power. Nobody was permitted to enter the temple until these seven plagues of the seven angels were completed.





Revelation 14


John saw the Lamb stand on Mount Zion with 144,000 who had His name and His Father's name written on their foreheads. He heard sounds from heavens - a roar of rushing waters. The 144,000 were redeemed as virgins, the first fruits for God and they were seen as blameless.

Then he saw an angel who said to those on earth: “Fear God and give him glory, because the hour of his judgment has come.”

Then a second angel said “Fallen, fallen is Babylon the great, she who made all nations drink the wine of the passion of her sexual immorality”.

A third angel said, “If anyone worships the beast and its image and receives a mark on his forehead or on his hand, he also will drink the wine of God's wrath, poured full strength into the cup of his anger, and he will be tormented with fire and sulfur in the presence of the holy angels and in the presence of the Lamb”.

John saw a white cloud and one like a son of man was seated on that white cloud, with a golden crown on his head, and a sharp sickle in his hand. Then another angel came out and called with a loud voice to him who sat on the cloud: “Take your sickle and reap, because the time to reap has come, for the harvest of the earth is ripe.” So he who sat on the cloud swung his sickle across the earth, and the earth was harvested.

Then another angel came out of the temple in heaven, and he too had a sharp sickle. And another angel came out from the altar, the angel who has authority over the fire, and he called with a loud voice to the one who had the sharp sickle, “Take your sharp sickle and gather the clusters of grapes from the earth’s vine, because its grapes are ripe.” So the angel swung his sickle across the earth and gathered the grape harvest of the earth and threw it into the great winepress outside the city, and blood flowed out of the press, rising as high as the horses’ bridles for a distance of 180 miles.




Revelation 13


At this time John saw two beasts, Satan's two agents for waging war against God's people - the beast out of sea and beast out of the earth.

The one that rose out of the sea, had ten horns and seven heads, with ten crowns on its horns, and on each head a blasphemous name. On one of its head’s it had a mortal wound that had been healed. He had been given great power and authority from the dragon and the whole earth followed him and worshiped the dragon because of this. This beast was allowed to use this authority for forty-two months (three and a half years - half of seven). During this period God’s name was blasphemed and the saints were persecuted.

The first beast commonly referred to as antichist, represents pagan political and military allied with Satan.

The second beast had come out of the earth and it had two horns like a lamb but spoke like a dragon. It also had the same authority as the first beast and led the people of the earth to worship the first beast. This beast performed many great signs by which he deceived the people of earth and forced all to be marked on their right hand or forehead with the mark of the beast so that no one could buy or sell unless they had this mark. This beast is known as the False Prophet.
Revelation 13:18 This calls for wisdom. Let the person who has insight calculate the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man. That number is 666.

Revelation 12


John saw a woman clothed with the sun, with the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of stars. She was pregnant and gave birth to a male child, "who will rule all the nations with an iron scepter." This child was snatched up to God's throne and the woman fled to a place prepared by God where she will be taken care of for 1,260 days - three and a half years. The male child is Christ and the woman is the nation Israel.

Then a war broke out in heaven between Michael and his angels and the dragon. The dragon, (Satan) and his angels fought back. Satan and his angels were defeated, and they were thrown down to earth and those in heaven rejoiced.

When Satan saw that he had been thrown down to earth he went after the woman who gave birth to the male child, but could not capture her so he became furious and went away to make war with those who keep God’s commands and hold fast their testimony about Jesus.




Revelation 11


John is told of two witnesses, thought to be Elijah and Moses, who will have authority and will prophesy for 1,260 days (i.e, three and a half years). They will be given power to pour fire out of their mouth, and to control rainfall during the days of their prophesying. They will also have the power to turn water into blood and to strike the earth with every kind of plague. Once their work is finished a beast will come, overpower and kill them. They will be killed by the beast in the same place where the Lord was crucified (Jerusalem). Their lifeless bodies will be on public display for three days and the people of the world will rejoice over their death. Then at the end of the three and a half days, a breath of life from God will enter them causing them to stand on their feet. At that moment they were called and snatched up to heaven in a cloud. After this, there was a severe earthquake causing a tenth of the city to fall and seven thousand people to be killed. Terrified survivors gave glory to God after witnessing these events. The second woe has passed; the third woe is approaching soon.

Then the seventh angel blew his trumpet and there was great worship in heaven following the declaration of God’s reign over the kingdom of the world. God's temple in heaven was then opened and the Ark of the Covenant was seen there, and there were flashes of lightning, rumblings, peals of thunder, an earthquake, and severe hailstorm.




Revelation 10


A mighty angel appeared, clothed with a cloud and a rainbow above his head. His face was like the sun, and his feet like pillars of fire. He held an open scroll in his hand. He set his left foot on the land, and his right foot on the sea. Seven thunders uttered their voices, but John was forbidden to write down what they said.

A voice from heaven told John to go and take the scroll from this angel, so he did. The angel then said to John “take and eat it: it will make your stomach bitter, but in your mouth it will be as sweet as honey.” So John took the scroll and ate it. It tasted just like how the angel told him it would be. The scroll represents the word of God. John is told that he must prophesy about many people, nations, tongues and kings.



Revelation 9


The fifth angel blew his trumpet and John saw a star fall from heaven to earth, and he was given a key to the shaft of the bottomless pit. The fallen star is Satan who opened the bottomless pit and smoke rose out, he released locusts that were given power, not to kill, but only to torment those without the seal of God on their foreheads for five months. This torment is like that of a scorpion - men will seek death, but unable to find it. The locusts looked like horsed prepared with battled. They had crowns of gold, men’s faces, women’s hair, lion’s teeth, iron breastplates, and tails like scorpions. The sound of their wings is like the sound of chariots. The king of the locusts is the angel of the bottom pit, called Abaddon in Hebrew, and Apollyon in Greek.

The sixth angel blew his trumpet and four fallen angels who were bound at Euphrates river were released to kill a third of mankind. Troops that had an army two million had the heads of lions – they kill by the fire, smoke and brimstone coming from their mouths. They were released to kill a third of mankind by their fire, smoke, and sulfur. Even after all of this those who were not killed by these plagues refused to repent of their murder, magic arts, idolatry and sexual immorality.


Revelation 8


When the seventh seal was opened by the Lamb there was silence in heaven for about half an hour. Then John saw seven angels who stand before God, were given seven trumpets. Then he saw another angel with a golden censer filled it with fire from the altar and threw it on the earth, and there were thunder, rumblings, flashes of lightning, and an earthquake.

The first angel blew his trumpet which brought hail and fire, mingled with blood, and it was thrown upon the earth. This burned up a third of the earth, trees, and all of the green grass This represents judgment on vegetation.

The second angel blew his trumpet and something like a great mountain which was burning with fire was thrown into the sea turning a third of the sea blood, killing a third of the living creatures in the sea, and destroying a third of the ships. This represents judgment on earth.

The third angel blew his trumpet and a great star named Wormwood fell from heaven on to a third of the rivers and on the springs of water killing many people because it turned the water bitter. This represents judgment upon man.

The fourth angel blew his trumpet and a third of the sun, moon, and stars were struck so that their light would be darkened. This represents judgment on heavens.

Then John heard an eagle that was flying in mid air warning, “Woe! Woe! Woe to the inhabitants of the earth, because of the trumpet blasts about to be sounded by the other three angels!”




Revelation 7


After the opening of six of the seven seals John saw four angels standing at the four corners of the earth, holding back four winds, so that no wind would blow. He then saw another angel who called out with a loud voice to the four angels not to harm the earth, sea, or trees until God’s servants had been sealed on their foreheads. Those sealed were 12,000 of each of the twelve tribes of Israel - 144,000 were sealed in total.

Then John saw a great multitude from every nation, tribe, people and language, that no one could number, in white robes with palm branches in their hands standing before the throne and before the Lamb. All heavenly creatures join in.
Revelation 7:10 And they cried out in a loud voice:
“Salvation belongs to our God,
who sits on the throne,
and to the Lamb.”
These are believers who came out of the great tribulation. They serve Him day and night in His temple. They shall hunger and thirst no more, nor shall the sun strike them, but the Lamb will shepherd them to the living fountain of waters. God will wipe away every tear from their eyes.




Revelation 6


As The Lamb opened those seven seals, John saw a sequence of visions at the opening of each seal

First Seal: John saw a white horse with a rider who had a bow, and a crown that was given to him, and he came out conquering, and to conquer - representing the antichrist's deception

Second Seal: He saw another horse, bright red in color. The rider of this horse was permitted to take peace from the earth, so that men should slay one another, and he was given a great sword - representing resurrection.

Third Seal: John saw a black horse whose rider had a pair of scales in his hands. He also heard a voice which said “A quart of wheat for a denarius, and three quarts of barley for a denarius, and do not harm the oil and wine” - representing famine.

Fourth Seal: John saw a pale horse and its rider’s name was Death, and Hades followed him. They were given authority over a fourth of the earth to kill - representing death.

Fifth Seal: John saw under the altar the souls of those who had been slain for the word of God and for their witness. They cried out for the Lord to avenge their blood on those who dwell on earth but were given white robes and told to wait a little longer. This represented martyrology.

Sixth Seal: A great earthquake took place, and the sun became black, and the moon became like blood, and the stars of the sky fell. The kings of the earth, the princes, the generals, the rich, the mighty, and everyone else, both slave and free, hid themselves in caves and called to the mountains and rocks to fall on them to hide them from God. This represented tribulation.





Revelation 5


God holds in His right hand a scroll sealed with seven seals. An angels asks who is worthy to open the scroll and loose its seals. Initially it appears to John that nobody in heaven, or earth, or under the earth is worthy to open it - therefore John weeps. However, one of the elders tell John that the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, will open it and it's seven seals because he has conquered.

John saw a Lamb, as though it had been slain, with seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God, sent into all the earth. The Lamb takes the scroll from the One Who is seated on the throne. Immediately, the four living creatures and those twenty four elders fall down to worship.
Revelation 5:9-10 And they sang a new song, saying:
“You are worthy to take the scroll
and to open its seals,
because you were slain,
and with your blood you purchased for God
persons from every tribe and language and people and nation.
You have made them to be a kingdom and priests to serve our God,
and they will reign on the earth.”
Countless angels also join the worship: "Worthy is the Lamb who was slain to receive power and riches and wisdom, and strength and honor and glory and blessing!"

All creation then worships the Father and the Lamb: "Blessing and honor and glory and power be to Him who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb, forever and ever!"

The four living creatures said, "Amen."




Revelation 4


The scene now shifts to heavenly throne room, where God reigns in majestic power. All of heaven worship the Creator and Lion-Lamb (Christ).

Here John sees a throne and one seated on the throne whose appearance was that of jasper and carnelian stone, and around the throne was a rainbow that had the appearance of an emerald. The One Who was seated on the throne was God, The Father.

Surrounding the throne were twenty four thrones with an elder seated on each of them. Thunder, lightening and voices proceeded from the throne. Before the throne were seven burning torches of fire, which were the seven Spirits of God (Holy Spirit).

The throne also had a sea of glass, like crystal, before it. Then all around the throne, on each side were four living creatures (angels). The angels looked like full of eyes at the front and back - one was like a lion, one like a calf, one like a man, and one like an eagle. They each had six wings, who day or night never stop singing “Holy, holy, holy is the Lord God Almighty, who was and is and is to come!”

The elders worship the throne.
Revelation 4:9-11 Whenever the living creatures give glory, honor and thanks to him who sits on the throne and who lives for ever and ever, the twenty-four elders fall down before him who sits on the throne and worship Him who lives for ever and ever. They lay their crowns before the throne and say:
   “You are worthy, our Lord and God,
    to receive glory and honor and power,
    for you created all things,
    and by your will they were created
    and have their being.”


Revelation 3


Letter to Sardis: They are condemned for acting alive but being dead. They are told to hold fast and repent. Christ will come like a thief in the night. Few in Sardis have not defiled their garments.

Letter to Philadelphia: They are commended and promised great victory. There has been set before an open door, which no one can shut. They have not denied Christ's name.

Letter to Laodicea:  They are condemned for their spiritual blindness and warned to repent or face judgment. Their deeds are neither cold nor hot, and therefore to be vomited out of Christ's mouth. You are rich, and actually wretchedly poor - the opposite of Smryna. They are told to be zealous and repent. Christ is standing at the door and knocking.

This chapter concludes the writings to the seven churches.

Revelation 2


John began to write what he saw in a book and send it to the seven churches. These churches are Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodicea.

Letter to Ephesus:
You have perseverance and patience, laboring for My name’s sake. Nonetheless, you have left your first love - Christ. Repent, or the lamp-stand will be removed from its place. However, you are to be commended for hating the Nicolaitans, however.

Letter to Smyrna:
I know your works, tribulation and poverty - but you are rich. I know the blasphemy of the Jews who are a synagogue of Satan. Be faithful in your trials and imprisonment, and you will receive the crown of life. They are commended for their faithfulness in trial.

Letter to Pergamum:
They are commended for holding fast to Him, even in the days when Antipas was made a martyr. But they are condemned because they also offered sacrifices to idols, and committed sexual immorality. Some held on to the doctrine of the Balaam and Nicolaitans. They are told to repent, or Christ will fight against them with the sword of his mouth.

Letter to Thyatira:
They are commended by Christ for their service, patience, faith, and love, but are condemned for tolerating the prophetess Jezebel who teaches idolatry and sexual immorality. Jezebel will be cast into a sickbed, and her followers killed unless they repent.




Revelation 1


In John's introduction, he declares this book to be a prophetic message - the revelation about Jesus Christ, from Jesus Christ. In this vision, Jesus draws back the veil of future events to take place and makes them known to John. These events are not speculation and will take place in the near future.

John has documented this in the form of a letter to seven churches. He greets them with grace and peace. Praise to Him who washed us from out sins in His own blood. Behold, he is coming with clouds, and every eye will see Him. All the tribes of the earth will mourn because of Him. Jesus says he is the Alpha and Omega – who is and was and is to come.

While John was on the island of Patmos, he heard the Spirit speak.
Revelation 1:10-11 On the Lord’s Day I was in the Spirit, and I heard behind me a loud voice like a trumpet, which said: “Write on a scroll what you see and send it to the seven churches: to Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia and Laodicea.”
When he looked to see who was speaking to him he saw seven golden lamp-stands, representing seven churches. In the midst of the seven lamp-stands he saw “one like a son of man.” It was Jesus Christ who was clothed with a long robe - the clothing of a priest and judge, and a golden sash around his chest - representing Him as High Priest.

His hair was white like wool, as white as snow, and his eyes were like a flame of fire, just like the Daniel's vision of God in Daniel 7 & 10. His feet were like burnished bronze, refined in a furnace - representing Christ standing in the midst of the churches in divine and righteous judgment. His voice was like the roar of many waters, representing power and majesty. In his right hand, he held seven stars which represent the seven angels or messengers of the seven churches. From his mouth came a sharp two-edged sword - representing divine judgment. His face was like the sun shining in full strength representing God’s glory.





Jude 1


Jude, brother of James, writes to those who are called, who are loved in God the Father and kept for Jesus Christ: offers the following greeting, "Mercy, peace and love be your's in abundance."

Jude wanted to focus his writing on salvation, but instead he writes to Christians urging them to hold fast to the truth. Certain men, who deny Jesus Christ have infiltrated into the church and are causing division by their false teaching. These arrogant men have turned Christian freedom into license.

Jude reminds his audience about Jewish history and tradition - Lord, having saved the people from Egypt, afterwards destroyed those who did not believe; Angels who did not keep their proper domain were kept in everlasting chains for the judgment of the great day; Sodom and Gomorrah suffered the vengeance of eternal fire. Likewise, these dreamers defile the flesh, reject authority, and speak evil of dignitaries.

Michael the archangel is an example of someone who does not speak evil of others: when disputing with the devil about the body of Moses, Michael did not dare to bring a reviling accusation against the devil, but instead said, "The Lord rebuke you!"

Ungodly men speak evil of what they do not know. They have gone in the way of Cain, Balaam and Korah. These men are spots at love feasts, complain and flatter.

Quoting the words of Jesus Christ himself, Jude explains about these mockers who cause division.
Jude 1:17-19 But, dear friends, remember what the apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ foretold. They said to you, “In the last times there will be scoffers who will follow their own ungodly desires.”These are the people who divide you, who follow mere natural instincts and do not have the Spirit.
Look for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ. Have compassion on some, and save others with fear, pulling them out of the fire, hating even the garment defiled by the flesh.

In conclusion, Jude writes that God is able to keep you from stumbling and keep us faultless and with great joy.

Jude signs off by saying, "To the only God our Savior be glory, majesty, power and authority, through Jesus Christ our Lord, before all ages, now and forevermore! Amen."




3 John 1


John writes to a beloved elder Gaius, praying that his physical health matches his spiritual health. He is overjoyed to hear about the obedience of fellow believers. He also expresses gratitude for Gaius' faithfulness towards truth and hospitality towards traveling teachers.

John rebukes a troublemaker named Diotrephes, who loves to be pre-eminent, rejects John's leadership, refuses to welcome traveling teachers, expels from church those who exhibit Christian hospitality. He warns this congregation.
3 John 1:11 Dear friend, do not imitate what is evil but what is good. Anyone who does what is good is from God. Anyone who does what is evil has not seen God.
Johns offers another example of godliness in Demetrius - who has a good testimony from all. John has much to say, but prefers to say it in person.

In closing, John exchanges greetings and pronounces blessings upon these fellow believers.


2 John 1


John, identified as "the elder" writes to "the chosen lady and her children," most likely a house church in Ephesus.

Love and truth are friends. John rejoices in hearing that some of her children are walking in truth. He asks them to love one another.
2 John 1:5-6 And now, dear lady, I am not writing you a new command but one we have had from the beginning. I ask that we love one another. And this is love: that we walk in obedience to his commands. As you have heard from the beginning, his command is that you walk in love.
Deceivers do not confess Jesus Christ came in the flesh. Those following false teaching will follow great spiritual loss. John warns that the congregation should not welcome false teachers or give them a platform to establish their wicked work.

John plans to visit them soon - he would rather say it in person hoping both his joy and their joy will be complete.

He conveys the greetings form the children of their elect sister.



1 John 5


Whoever believes that Jesus is the Christ is born of God. By loving God and carrying out His commands, we demonstrate our love to children of God - which is not burdensome.
1 John 5:3-4 In fact, this is love for God: to keep his commands. And his commands are not burdensome, for everyone born of God overcomes the world. This is the victory that has overcome the world, even our faith. 
There are three that bear witness in heaven: the Father, the Word, and the Holy Spirit; and these three are one. And there are three that bear witness on earth: the Spirit, the water, and the blood; and these three agree as one.

The witness of God is authentic and greater than the witness of men. He who has the Son has eternal life. If we ask anything according to His will, He hears us.
1 John 5:14-15 This is the confidence we have in approaching God: that if we ask anything according to His will, He hears us. And if we know that He hears us - whatever we ask - we know that we have what we asked of Him.
Pray for a brother who commits a sin that does not lead to death - so that God will give him life. We know that we are of God, and the whole world lies under the sway of the wicked one. The Son of God has given us an understanding.

John signs off this letter by asking us to keep ourselves away from idols.




1 John 4


Since many false prophets have entered the world, we are told not to believe every spirit - but test them. All spirits who do not confess Jesus Christ has come in the flesh are not of God, but of the Antichrist.
1 John 4:2-3 This is how you can recognize the Spirit of God: Every spirit that acknowledges that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is from God, but every spirit that does not acknowledge Jesus is not from God. This is the spirit of the antichrist, which you have heard is coming and even now is already in the world.
God is light and God is love. He sent his son to bring us forgiveness and new life. The proof that we share his life - his nature, is the love we show towards others.
1 John 4:18 There is no fear in love. But perfect love drives out fear, because fear has to do with punishment. The one who fears is not made perfect in love.
Love and obedience are bound together. If we love God, we need not fear the day of judgement.




1 John 3


God has lavished great love upon us that we should be called the children of God! The world does not know us because we know Him. When He is revealed, we shall be like Him, and see Him as He is. This hope is purifying.

Sin is lawlessness, blind to and unknowing of God. Whoever has been born of God does not sin; he who sins is of the devil, and does not love his brethren.
1 John 3:10 This is how we know who the children of God are and who the children of the devil are: Anyone who does not do what is right is not God’s child, nor is anyone who does not love their brother and sister.
The message we have heard from the beginning is that we should love one another. Cain was wicked, and murdered his brother. No murderer has eternal life abiding in him. Christ’s laying down his life for us shows us love; we ought to do the same for our brethren.

Let us not love in word or in tongue, but in actions and in truth. Our heart will condemn us, or not condemn us. Whatever we ask we receive from Him. We should believe in the name of Jesus Christ, and love one another.
1 John 3:23 And this is his command: to believe in the name of his Son, Jesus Christ, and to love one another as he commanded us. 



1 John 2


John writes these things so that you may not sin. If anyone sins, Jesus Christ is our advocate with the Father. He is the propitiation not just for our sins, but for those of the whole world.

To know Christ is to keep his commandments. Those who claim to be in the light, but hate other believers are still walking in darkness. Only those who love fellow believers live in God's light.

John writes to the entire community of genuine believes encouraging them to remember God's forgiveness. He reflects three stages of spiritual maturity - 'Fathers', 'young men' and 'children'. He repeats some of what he said earlier.

The love command does not involve loving the world and it's temporary pleasures: lust of the flesh, lust of the eyes, and pride of life. John reminds us that world and it's desires are fading away, but the one who loves God lives forever.

John calls out saying this is the last hour, and many antichrists have come. He gives indication about the antichrist so that we are not led astray.
1 John 2:22-23 Who is the liar? It is whoever denies that Jesus is the Christ. Such a person is the antichrist - denying the Father and the Son. No one who denies the Son has the Father; whoever acknowledges the Son has the Father also.
The anointing which we have received is our protection against deception. We are to make sure we are not ashamed before Christ at His coming. Everyone who practices righteousness is born of Him.



1 John 1


John's theme is 'God is light'. John spoke about Jesus Christ in his gospel. Here, he speaks about his own experience. John declares this to us so that we may share fellowship with the Father and His son Jesus Christ.

Those who have fellowship with him walk in light.
1 John 1:5 This is the message we have heard from him and declare to you: God is light; in him there is no darkness at all.
We cannot say we have fellowship with Him if we walk in darkness. If we walk in the light, we have fellowship with each other, and are cleansed from our sins by the blood of Jesus Christ. If we say we have no sin, we are deceiving ourselves.




2 Peter 3


Peter reminds them that scoffers will come, asking about the second coming of Jesus Christ. They will say that the world continues as it always was. They are forgetting the fact that God’s judgment has already been poured out on the earth once before, in the time of Noah.

With the Lord, one day is as a thousand years, and a thousand years as a day. The day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night – earth and the works that are in it will be burned up.
2 Peter 3:9 The Lord is not slow in keeping his promise, as some understand slowness. Instead he is patient with you, not wanting anyone to perish, but everyone to come to repentance.
Paul recommends holy and godly living in anticipation of a new heaven and new earth.
2 Peter 3:3 But in keeping with his promise we are looking forward to a new heaven and a new earth, where righteousness dwells.
The patience of our Lord is salvation. Paul has also written to us these things, though some have distorted them. Do not be led away by the error of wickedness, but grow in the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. To Him be the glory both now and forever. Amen.



2 Peter 2


Peter now warns about false teachers and false prophets. False prophets secretly bring in destructive heresies. Many will follow their depraved conduct, bringing disrepute to the way of truth.
2 Peter 2:3 In their greed these teachers will exploit you with fabricated stories. Their condemnation has long been hanging over them, and their destruction has not been sleeping.
Peter makes it clear to his readers not to underestimate the powers of God. Citing numerous examples from the Holy Scriptures, he proved that God knows how to rescue the godly from trials and to hold the unrighteous in punishment on the day of judgement.

Peter describes false prophets in greater detail. In their arrogance, they slander and blaspheme spiritual matters which they don't even understand. They promise freedom, but they themselves are slaves of corruption.

It would have been better for them if they had never known righteousness, than to have known it and then turn their backs on the sacred commands passed on to them.





2 Peter 1


Peter, a servant and apostle of Jesus Christ sends his greetings of grace and peace.

He assures his readers that they have everything they need for their life and godliness through their knowledge of God. It is the best invitation we ever received - our ticket to participate in the life of God after escaping the corruption of the world.

Peter is giving us a road-map of how to receive a rich welcome into the eternal kingdom of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.
2 Peter 1:5-7 For this very reason, make every effort to add to your faith goodness; and to goodness, knowledge; and to knowledge, self-control; and to self-control, perseverance; and to perseverance, godliness; and to godliness, mutual affection; and to mutual affection, love.
Peter is soon expected to put off his tent (die), and he writes these things so that people may be reminded of them after his death. Peter witnessed the transfiguration of Jesus and heard the voice, “This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased.”

We have the prophetic word confirmed, which we are told to heed as a light that shines in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in our hearts. True interpretation of scripture is not personal, but comes from the Holy Spirit.
2 Peter 1:20-21 Above all, you must understand that no prophecy of Scripture came about by the prophet’s own interpretation of things. For prophecy never had its origin in the human will, but prophets, though human, spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit.



1 Peter 5


Peter exhorts his fellow elders - he himself is a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and a partaker of the glory to be revealed. Shepherds (i.e., spiritual leaders) who serve eagerly and honestly, are examples to their flock.
1 Peter 5:2-4 Be shepherds of God’s flock that is under your care, watching over them - not because you must, but because you are willing, as God wants you to be; not pursuing dishonest gain, but eager to serve; not lording it over those entrusted to you, but being examples to the flock. And when the Chief Shepherd appears, you will receive the crown of glory that will never fade away.
The youngsters must submit to their elders. God opposes the proud, but gives grace to the humble.

Peter then warns us about the devil, who is looking for an opportunity to devour us.
1 Peter 5:8-9 Be alert and of sober mind. Your enemy the devil prowls around like a roaring lion looking for someone to devour. Resist him, standing firm in the faith, because you know that the family of believers throughout the world is undergoing the same kind of sufferings.
May you be perfected, established and strengthened after having suffered for a while.

Peter signs off his first letter by greeting one another with a kiss of love and proclaiming peace to all who are in Christ. 

1 Peter 4


A Christian should no longer live the rest of his time in the flesh of evil human desires; but for the will of God.
1 Peter 4:3 For you have spent enough time in the past doing what pagans choose to do- living in debauchery, lust, drunkenness, orgies, carousing and detestable idolatry.
They abuse us if we do not join them in their reckless wild living. Gentiles who lead a dissolute life must give an account to God, who is ready to judge the living and the dead. That is why the gospel is preached to them too.

The end of all things is at hand - therefore we are told to stay alert. Love will cover a multitude of sins. We should use our God-given gifts to serve others as faithful stewards of God.

We are told to rejoice if we partake of Christ’s sufferings. Suffering as a Christian is different from suffering as an evildoer - it is a blessing.
1 Peter 4:14 If you are insulted because of the name of Christ, you are blessed, for the Spirit of glory and of God rests on you.



1 Peter 3


In contrast to Paul's rules of a Christian household, Peter focuses on a situation involving a believing wife and an unbelieving husband. With the goal to improve their marital relationship, he suggests how the wife could lead an exemplary and respectful life, wherein she can play an evangelical role within their marriage.
1 Peter 3:1-6 Wives, in the same way submit yourselves to your own husbands so that, if any of them do not believe the word, they may be won over without words by the behavior of their wives, when they see the purity and reverence of your lives. Your beauty should not come from outward adornment, such as elaborate hairstyles and the wearing of gold jewelry or fine clothes. Rather, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight. For this is the way the holy women of the past who put their hope in God used to adorn themselves. They submitted themselves to their own husbands, like Sarah, who obeyed Abraham and called him her lord. You are her daughters if you do what is right and do not give way to fear.
Husbands are told to honor the weaker vessel.
1 Peter 3:7 Husbands, in the same way be considerate as you live with your wives, and treat them with respect as the weaker partner and as heirs with you of the gracious gift of life, so that nothing will hinder your prayers.
Peter wants all of us to inherit a blessing.
1 Peter 3:8-9 Finally, all of you, be like-minded, be sympathetic, love one another, be compassionate and humble. Do not repay evil with evil or insult with insult. On the contrary, repay evil with blessing, because to this you were called so that you may inherit a blessing.
Paul uses a quote from Psalm 34:12-16 to demonstrate the blessing that comes to those who turn away from evil and do good. It is better to suffer for doing good than for doing evil. Christ also suffered once for sins, the just for the unjust, that He might bring us to God.

After resurrection, Jesus preached to those imprisoned spirits (in hell) - those who were disobedient during the days of Noah.


1 Peter 2


We are told to lay aside malice and other sins and desire the pure milk of the word like newborn babes, so that we may grow spiritually. When we enter into a relationship with Jesus, we will become 'living stones' being built into a 'spiritual house'. God's temple is now his people - built upon Jesus, the capstone (cornerstone).

Those who disobey the gospel stumble over Jesus, while those who receive him become special - a chosen generation, a holy nation, God’s special people.

Peter urges believers not to give in to sinful desires, but to live good lives. Abstain from fleshly lusts, so even those who speak against us as evildoers can be brought to glorify God in the day of visitation.

Submit to the government, love the brotherhood. Servants must submit to their masters, regardless of whether they are being kind or harsh.
1 Peter 2:16-17 Live as free people, but do not use your freedom as a cover-up for evil; live as God’s slaves. Show proper respect to everyone, love the family of believers, fear God, honor the emperor.
Enduring grief is commendable if we do good - just as the example of Christ. By his wounds, we are healed. We were like sheep going astray, but have now returned to the shepherd and overseer of our souls.



1 Peter 1


Apostle Peter sends greetings to believers who are scattered throughout Asia Minor. Peter praises God for providing salvation through the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. An incorruptible inheritance is preserved in heaven for us, who through faith are shielded by God's power.

Our faith is tested by trials, but the end of faith is the joyous salvation of our souls. The revelation of Christ and his sufferings were testified beforehand by the prophets.

As He who has called us is holy, let our conduct be holy.
1 Peter 1:14-16 As obedient children, do not conform to the evil desires you had when you lived in ignorance. But just as he who called you is holy, so be holy in all you do; for it is written: “Be holy, because I am holy.”
We have been redeemed not with gold and silver, but with the precious blood of Christ. He was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but made manifest in these last times. Love one another with a pure heart, having been born again.
1 Peter 1:22 Now that you have purified yourselves by obeying the truth so that you have sincere love for each other, love one another deeply, from the heart.



James 5


There is a special danger with wealth - it wraps people in a false security. The rich who have brought hardships and trials upon the innocent hardworking people will be severely judged by God. Believers who are put through such trials are suggested not to grumble against one another - they should wait for the Lord patiently.
James 5:9 Don’t grumble against one another, brothers and sisters, or you will be judged. The Judge is standing at the door!
We are supposed to learn from Job's patience, look at what Lord finally brought about, and learn from it. Do not swear by heaven or earth – let your 'yes' be 'yes' and your 'no' be 'no'.

The suffering should pray, the joyous should sing psalms, the sick should be prayed for and anointed. The prayer of faith will save the sick.

James cites the example of Elijah - he prayed for no rain, and there was a drought for three and a half years. Later when Elijah prayed for rain, it rained.

He who helps a sinning brother will save a soul from death.
James 5:19-20 My brothers and sisters, if one of you should wander from the truth and someone should bring that person back, remember this: Whoever turns a sinner from the error of their way will save them from death and cover over a multitude of sins.



James 4


Switching from peace to conflict, James teaches that the root cause of quarrels and fighting is envy - setting our hearts on something we want and determining to get it, no matter what. Instead, we can ask God to give it to us. If God does not give it to us, it is because we are asking Him with the wrong motives - for our pleasures.

Strife within the Christian community arise from covetousness, lust and murder, dominated by their desire for pleasure, and praying amiss. Friendship with the world is enmity with God.
James 4:4 You adulterous people, don’t you know that friendship with the world means enmity against God? Therefore, anyone who chooses to be a friend of the world becomes an enemy of God. 
James advises us to humble and repent; submit to the Lord and resist the devil - he will flee.
James 4:7-10 Submit yourselves, then, to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you. Come near to God and He will come near to you. Wash your hands, you sinners, and purify your hearts, you double-minded. Grieve, mourn and wail. Change your laughter to mourning and your joy to gloom. Humble yourselves before the Lord, and he will lift you up.
Who are we to judge each other? Our life is a vapor that appears for a little time and then vanishes away. Do not act as if you are independent of God’s will. Do not boast about tomorrow. We have no control over our life - it is in the hands of God.

If anyone knows the good they are supposed to do and doesn't do it, it is a sin.




James 3


Those who want to be teachers in the church should first learn to control their tongue. Self control is the only way in which the most uncontrollable and contradictory member can be brought under control.
James 3:7-8 All kinds of animals, birds, reptiles and sea creatures are being tamed and have been tamed by mankind, but no human being can tame the tongue. It is a restless evil, full of deadly poison.
Human tongue has a contradictory character, both cursing and blessing. This ought not to be – no spring yields both salt water and fresh water.

Wisdom shows us how to do good works. Merely earthly wisdom is bitter, envious and self-seeking.

Pure wisdom comes from God an shows in itself, gentleness, peace, mercy, and is without discrimination or hypocrisy.


James 2


James denounces favoritism. He wants believers not to discriminate, or show preference to a rich man over a poor one. God has chosen the poor to be rich in faith and heirs to His kingdom. The rich are the ones who exploit the poor and drag them into court.

Love your neighbor as yourself. Whoever shall keep the whole law, and yet stumble in one point, he is guilty of all.
James 2:9-10 But if you show favoritism, you sin and are convicted by the law as lawbreakers. For whoever keeps the whole law and yet stumbles at just one point is guilty of breaking all of it. 
Judgment is without mercy to one who has shown no mercy. Mercy triumphs over judgement.

James condemns faith without work or deeds. Faith is dead faith if not accompanied by practical assistance – eg providing for a needy or destitute brother or sister.
James 2:18-19 But someone will say, “You have faith; I have deeds.” Show me your faith without deeds, and I will show you my faith by my deeds. You believe that there is one God. Good! Even the demons believe that—and shudder.
By works faith is made perfect. In case of Abraham, faith and work were acting together. Faith cannot be separated from works; faith without works is dead, like the body without the spirit.




James 1


James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, writes to the twelve scattered tribes. He has three key themes to address:
(a) Encountering trials,
(b) Wisdom,
(c) Riches and poverty

(a) Encountering trials
James urges his readers to count it a joy when we fall into various trials, knowing that the testing of our faith produces perseverance. God uses those trials to produce endurance and over time to make them mature and complete.

(b) Wisdom
If we need wisdom to handle various trials, we should ask God, trusting His generous character that He will grant us wisdom.
James 1:5 If any of you lacks wisdom, you should ask God, who gives generously to all without finding fault, and it will be given to you. 
Those who doubt are compared to a storm tossed wave of the sea - such double-minded, unstable individuals should not expect to receive anything from the Lord.

(c) Riches and poverty
Believers who find themselves in humiliating financial situation can always put their faith in the high standing with the Lord. The rich should remember that the riches will fade away like a flower in the field, or as grass withered by the sun.

James goes on to repeat those three themes once again.
(a) Encountering trials
Trials also mean temptation. Those who persevere under trials will be blessed with crown of life. Temptation is brought about not by God, but by our own desires, which lead to sin, and then to death. Every good and perfect gift is from above, from the Father of lights.

(b) Wisdom
Wisdom leads believers to be "quick to listen, slow to speak, and slow to become angry." Human anger does not produce the kind of life God desires. Get rid of lives of moral filth, and accept the word that is planted within us. 

(c) Riches and poverty
Apart from keeping ourselves morally pure, we should take care of the needy - widows and orphans in their distress.



Friday, April 18, 2014

Hebrews 13


In his concluding exhortation, the author narrates practical ways in which how believers should live so that they can please God.

The list composes of:
  • Love one another,
  • Exercise hospitality,
  • Minister to those in prison and those who are mistreated, 
  • Honor marriage, 
  • Avoid sexual immorality, 
  • Steer clear of the love of money, 
  • Be content with Lord's provisions, 
  • Obey, respect and imitate leaders - especially Jesus Christ,
  • Reject false teachings,
  • Offer the proper Christian sacrifices of gratitude, praise, service, and generosity,
  • Pray. 
The author closes his sermon with a prayer that God of peace, who raised Jesus from the dead would equip believers to do His will and would work in their lives.

Grace be with you all.

Hebrews 12


Since we have a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside sin, and run the race with endurance, fixing our eyes at Jesus - the pioneer and perfecter of faith. Do not become weary and discouraged – consider how much hostility Jesus endured.

The author quotes Proverbs 3:11-12 – whom the Lord loves, he chastens. Chastening is a sign of sonship. How much more we must submit to God than to earthly fathers! God chastens us so we may be partakers of His holiness.
Hebrews 12:7-8 Endure hardship as discipline; God is treating you as his children. For what children are not disciplined by their father? If you are not disciplined - and everyone undergoes discipline - then you are not legitimate, not true sons and daughters at all.
Strengthen our hands which hang down, and those feeble knees, which make straight paths for our feet. Pursue peace and do not be bitter – do not sell your birthright like Esau.
Hebrews 12:14 Make every effort to live in peace with everyone and to be holy; without holiness no one will see the Lord. 
You have come to God via a better way - not by the terrors of Mount Sinai. Therefore, be thankful and grateful. Respond to God in worship. Live to please him. There is no way for those who refuse Him.
Hebrews 12:28-29 Therefore, since we are receiving a kingdom that cannot be shaken, let us be thankful, and so worship God acceptably with reverence and awe, for our “God is a consuming fire.”


Hebrews 11


The ancients were commended for faith - they obtained a good testimony about it.
Hebrews 11:1 Now faith is confidence in what we hope for and assurance about what we do not see.
It is by faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the word of God, and that there is a difference between the visible and the invisible. Without faith, it is impossible to please God.
  • Abel’s offering showed more faith than Cain’s. 
  • By faith Enoch was taken away, and did not see death. 
  • Noah acted on God's warning, based on his faith, saving his whole family. 
  • Abraham and Sarah are models of faith - God's call enabled them to have a life of refugees. Abraham's faith made him willingly offer up his only son. 
  • Isaac, Jacob and Joseph all demonstrated their faith in God's promise. 
  • Moses, by faith chose to leave his position in the court and joined a nation of slaves. 
  • Rahab welcomed the spies by faith, and was saved. 
  • City of Jericho was taken by faith.
  • All those Biblical Judges through King David and prophets had faith. 
  • Daniel's faith saved him from the lions.
  • Elijah and Elisha brought the dead back to life with faith.
  • Jeremiah held on to faith even while he was beaten and imprisoned. 
  • Isaiah, it is said, was sawn into half - he had faith in God. 
  • Zechariah was stoned - he was rooted in faith. 
Looking into Old Testament, we are surrounded by these heroes of faith. We have even more reasons for faith, having received the promise.




Hebrews 10


Sacrifice under the old covenant could not remind them of their sins; it could not take them away. The author quoted Psalm 40:6-8 and Jeremiah 31:33-34 and explained that Christ came to obey the Father and offer himself as the ultimate sacrifice. Therefore, Christ displaced the old sacrificial system. His offering is effective forever and no further sacrifice is needed. Sins and misdeeds are not only forgive, but also forgotten.

The sacrifice of our high priest, Christ, opened us a way to approach God. We can now boldly pass through that veil separating us and the Holy of Holies. Therefore:
(a) we should draw near to God with confident faith and clean heart,
(b) hold on to the faith we possess, due to God's faithfulness,
(c) consider how we may spur one another towards love and good deeds,
(d) not give up meeting together, but encourage one another. 
Trampling the Son of God underfoot is worthy of far worse punishment. Take heart in your discouragement, and remember how you have stood for God in tough times before.
Hebrews 10:31 It is a dreadful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.
Draw on your past experience to gain strength to endure for the future.

Hebrews 9


The author takes his audience back to the time of Exodus, where God made his covenant with Israel through Moses, and gave him the pattern on which to construct the tent - the Tabernacle. This was the earthly sanctuary for worship. The priest would then carry out the worship rituals in this sanctuary.

Although God had chosen to live with His people in this Tabernacle, they had no access to Him. Only the high priest was the only one allowed to enter the inner sanctuary, on the day of Yom Kippur, always with blood of goats and calves. The blood was offered for himself and also for the sins his people committed. There was no atonement - only punishment.
Hebrews 9:8 The Holy Spirit was showing by this that the way into the Most Holy Place had not yet been disclosed as long as the first tabernacle was still functioning. 
With the arrival of Jesus Christ, the sacrifice is not the blood of goats and calves anymore, but his own blood.
Hebrews 9:12 He did not enter by means of the blood of goats and calves; but he entered the Most Holy Place once for all by his own blood, thus obtaining eternal redemption. 
He gave his own blood for cleansing our conscience and for the forgiveness of our sins. Wages of sin are death, and the price for forgiveness cost Jesus his blood. The law demanded everything be cleansed with blood and without shedding of blood there is no forgiveness. Jesus enters into a greater and perfect tabernacle - the Holy of Holies.
Hebrews 9:24-25 For Christ did not enter a sanctuary made with human hands that was only a copy of the true one; he entered heaven itself, now to appear for us in God’s presence. Nor did he enter heaven to offer himself again and again, the way the high priest enters the Most Holy Place every year with blood that is not his own. 
Unlike a Mosaic priest, who must sacrifice regularly, Christ’s sacrifice is made only once.When he returns, it will be to save.





Hebrews 8


Earthly high priests served in the tabernacle built by Moses; Jesus however has a superior ministry of superior covenant. Jesus has been exalted to the throne of God and now serves as our heavenly high priest in the true tabernacle, the very presence of God.
Hebrews 8:1-2 Now the main point of what we are saying is this: We do have such a high priest, who sat down at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in heaven, and who serves in the sanctuary, the true tabernacle set up by the Lord, not by a mere human being.
The fact that God has established another covenant proves that there was something lacking in the old covenant. The author quotes Jeremiah 31:31-34  – its theme is the instituting of a new covenant. The old covenant has been made obsolete.
Hebrews 8:13 By calling this covenant “new,” he has made the first one obsolete; and what is obsolete and outdated will soon disappear.


Hebrews 7


The author now goes back one step - to the story of Melchizedek, mentioned in Genesis 14:17-20.

Melchizedek means ‘king of righteousness’ and, he was also a ‘king of peace’, because Salem, where Melchizedek was king means ‘peace’. Melchizedek had no genealogy – made like the Son of God, having neither beginning of days nor end of life. He had a dual role - that of a priest and a king.

Melchizedek is considered greater than Abraham, because of two reasons:
(a) Abraham paid tithes to Melchizedek, and
(b) Melchizedek blessed Abraham.

The author notes imperfections in Levitical priesthood. Therefore, another priest had to rise according to the order of Melchizedek, to replace those former regulations.

Jesus could not be a priest according to Mosaic law, because he was of the tribe of Judah, not Levi. Another priest has come not according to the law of a fleshy commandment, but according to the power of an endless life. Jesus was made high priest by the direct oath of God. Jesus is the surety of a better covenant.
Hebrews 7:23-25 Now there have been many of those priests, since death prevented them from continuing in office; but because Jesus lives forever, he has a permanent priesthood. Therefore he is able to save completely those who come to God through him, because he always lives to intercede for them.
He is the kind of high priest we need - holy, sinless, and exalted; one who does not need to atone for his own sins. Jesus is better qualified to be a high priest than any priest from the order of the Law of Moses. The sacrifice he offered up was himself.