Friday, September 27, 2013

2 Chronicles 4


The Temple's Furnishings
This chapter talks about the temple furnishings such as:
- Brazen altar, sea and lavers,
- Golden candlesticks and tables,
- Doors overlaid with brass,
- Vessels of the altar,
- Other brass work,
- Golden altar of incense with its appurtenances.

Notably, the sea stood on twelve bulls and had a capacity of about 18,000 gallons.

.

2 Chronicles 3


Solomon Builds the Temple
King Solomon began construction work of the Temple on Mount Moriah. The dimensions were as follows:
- About ninety feet long
- About thirty feet wide
- Portico about thirty feet
- Inside was overlaid with gold,
- Adorned temple with precious stones,
- Ceiling beams, door-frames, wall and doors were of gold,
- Most Holy Place was overlaid with 23 tons of gold,
- The nails were also made of gold,
- Cherubims were overlaid with gold,
- Curtain was of blue, purple and crimson yarn,
- Front of temple had two pillars, about 53 ft tall,
- Chains connected the two pillars,
- One hundred pomegranates were attached to the chains.


Click here to see a cross section of the temple. 

2 Chronicles 2


Solomon and Hiram building the Temple

Preparations for Building the Temple
King Solomon conscripted one hundred fifty thousand (150,000) men to do the work and assigned three thousand six hundred (3,600) supervisors over them.

The king of Tyre provided him with the cedar and some skilled workers. He wrote,
2 Chronicles 2:13 “I am sending you Huram-Abi, a man of great skill, 14 whose mother was from Dan and whose father was from Tyre. He is trained to work in gold and silver, bronze and iron, stone and wood, and with purple and blue and crimson yarn and fine linen. He is experienced in all kinds of engraving and can execute any design given to him. He will work with your skilled workers and with those of my lord, David your father.
This Master Architect was instrumental in building king Solomon's temple.

In return, king Solomon provided about three thousand six hundred (3,600) tons of wheat, three thousand two hundred tons of barley and about one hundred twenty thousand gallons of olive oil.



--------------------------------Additional Info
Master Architect Huram-Abi and USA
Did you know that king Solomon's chief architect Huram-Abi (Hiram Abiff) had influenced in building the United States of America? America got independence only in 1767 and how is that possible? Well, it is a very long story which I could probably go on and on - non stop for weeks explaining about Freemasons - the society with secrets. 

2 Chronicles 1

Solomon asking for wisdom

Introduction
This is an awesome story. All of us have made wishes in our lives. All of us, we've played the 'wish game' while we were young.

Let's play it again. If there was one (and only one wish) that you could make, what would that be?

How about "unlimited wishes," "double the wishes you make," "forever young," "loads of money," or several -------- (fill in the blanks).

It really happened with one of the Biblical heroes.

Solomon Asks for Wisdom
King Solomon went to the bronze altar before the LORD in Gibeon and offered thousand burnt offerings.

LORD appeared to him and said, “Ask for whatever you want me to give you.”

The LORD said,
2 Chronicles 1:12 therefore wisdom and knowledge will be given you. And I will also give you wealth, possessions and honor, such as no king who was before you ever had and none after you will have.
King Solomon reigned over Jerusalem with great splendor and prosperity. With his wisdom, he conducted trade and made gold and silver cheap and common. Chariots and horses were imported from Egypt. Above all, there was peace in the country.



Thursday, September 26, 2013

1 Chronicles 29

King David

Gifts for Building the Temple
King David knew that Solomon was young and inexperienced. He set aside gold, silver, bronze, iron, wood, onyx and turquoise of various colors etc.

He then gave his personal contribution of 110 tons of gold and 260 tons of silver. The people saw their leaders give away freely and wholeheartedly, and they rejoiced. The leaders contributed willingly about one hundred ninty tons of gold, 380 tons of silver, 675 tons of bronze and 3,800 tons iron. Those who had precious stones donated them as well.

David’s Prayer
Pay attention to the prayer here.
1 Chronicles 29:10 David praised the LORD in the presence of the whole assembly, saying,
“Praise be to you, LORD,
    the God of our father Israel,
    from everlasting to everlasting.
11 Yours, LORD, is the greatness and the power
    and the glory
and the majesty and the splendor,
    for everything in heaven and earth is yours.
Yours, LORD, is the kingdom;
    you are exalted as head over all.
12 Wealth and honor come from you;
    you are the ruler of all things.
In your hands are strength and power
    to exalt and give strength to all.
13 Now, our God, we give you thanks,
    and praise your glorious name.
The entire assembly fell prostate and praised the LORD.

Solomon Acknowledged as King
Solomon was anointed by priest Zadok as the king and he sat on the throne. The entire Israel obeyed him (even though he was just twelve).
1 Chronicles 29:25 The Lord highly exalted Solomon in the sight of all Israel and bestowed on him royal splendor such as no king over Israel ever had before.
The Death of David
In the year 837 BC, after living for seventy (70) years, king David died in Jerusalem. He remains as one of the most important figures in the Bible. Out of those multitude qualities he possessed, his spiritual greatness is the one that shines the most. He enjoyed his long life, wealth and honor.

Out of those many Psalms he composed, few stand out:
Psalms 23: The Lord is my shepherd

Psalms 27: The Lord is my light and my salvation, whom should I fear

Psalms 121: I lift my eyes to the mountains—from where will my help come? My help comes from the Lord, Maker of heaven and earth

Above all, the royal bloodline of king David remains as the bloodline of Jesus Christ.

May the soul of King David rest in peace.



-----------------------Additional Information 1
King David's Prayer
Verses 10-13 Honors the LORD,
Verses 14-16 King David acknowledges the fact that everyone is completely dependent upon Him,
Verse 17 Everyone has offered willingly towards the temple of the LORD,
Verses 18-19 King David prays that may Solomon and his team be able to complete the construction.

Now, let's go to Matthew Chapter 6 where Jesus teaches us to pray:
Matthew 6:9 “This, then, is how you should pray:
“‘Our Father in heaven,
hallowed be your name,
10 your kingdom come,
your will be done,
    on earth as it is in heaven.
11 Give us today our daily bread.
12 And forgive us our debts,
    as we also have forgiven our debtors.
13 And lead us not into temptation,
    but deliver us from the evil one.
Wonder where the last part came from: 
For Your's is the Kingdom,
Power and glory,
Forever and ever
Now look at King David's prayer - you'll be able to solve the puzzle. 

-----------------------Additional Information 2
King David's Age
Adam, during his conversation with the LORD had made a promise about David. Adam was supposed to live till one thousand (1,000) years. He then gave away seventy years of his (Adam died at 930) to David. 

-----------------------Additional Information 3
Jerusalem as Capital
Jerusalem did not have access to any water and still David considered it to be the capital. Mount Moriah was the place which king David purchased from Araunah. This is where Abraham went up to offer Isaac as sacrifice in Genesis 22:14. 

This is the very same place where Jacob saw a ladder going up to heaven, which he called, "The Gateway to Heaven" in Genesis 28:17. 

-----------------------Additional Information 4
King David's Death
David once besought God to tell him when he would die. His petition was not granted, for God has ordained that no man shall foreknow his end. One thing, however, was revealed to David, that his death would occur at the age of seventy on the Sabbath day. 

David desired that he might be permitted to die on Friday. This wish, too, was denied him, because God said that He delighted more in one day passed by David in the study of the Torah, than in a thousand holocausts offered by Solomon in the Temple. Then David petitioned that life might be vouchsafed him until Sunday; this, too, was refused, because God said it would be an infringement of the rights of Solomon, for one reign may not overlap by a hairbreadth the time assigned to another. 

Thereafter David spent every Sabbath exclusively in the study of the Torah, in order to secure himself against the Angel of Death, who has no power to slay a man while he is occupied with the fulfillment of God's commandments. The Angel of Death had to resort to cunning to gain possession of David. One Sabbath day, which happened to be also the Pentecost holiday, the king was absorbed in study, when he heard a sound in the garden. He rose and descended the stairway leading from his palace to the garden, to discover the cause of the noise. No sooner had he set foot on the steps than they tumbled in, and David was killed. 

The Angel of Death had caused the noise in order to utilize the moment when David should interrupt his study. The king's corpse could not be moved on the Sabbath, which was painful to those with him, as it was lying exposed to the rays of the sun. So Solomon summoned several eagles, and they stood guard over the body, shading it with their outstretched pinions. 





NOTE: If you are interested in hearing several rare stories about King David, or King Solomon, please feel free to contact me. 


Credits: Ancienthistory.about.com

1 Chronicles 28

King David Charges Solomon to build the temple

David's Plans for the Temple
King David summoned all officials of Israel and announced that Solomon will be undertaking the construction of LORD'S temple.

He then told Solomon to acknowledge the LORD as his father and serve him wholeheartedly and a willing mind. If Solomon sought out the LORD, He would be found, king David added.

King David then entrusted Solomon all the plans for the temple and instructed how work should be carried out.
1 Chronicles 28:20 David also said to Solomon his son, “Be strong and courageous, and do the work. Do not be afraid or discouraged, for the LORD God, my God, is with you. He will not fail you or forsake you until all the work for the service of the temple of the LORD is finished. 

1 Chronicles 27


Army Divisions
There were twelve tribes, each consisting of twenty four thousand (24,000) men. Every tribe served the king one month each.

Leaders of the Tribes
The names of those leaders are listed in this section.

The King’s Overseers
All these were the officials in charge of King David’s property.

Royal storehouses. - Azmaveth,
Storehouses in the outlying districts, towns, villages and watchtowers - Jonathan,
Workers at farm - Ezri
Vineyards - Shimei,
Produce of the vineyards for the wine vats - Zabdi,
Olive and sycamore-fig trees in the western foothills - Baal-Hanan,
Supplies of olive oil - Joash,
Herds grazing in Sharon - Shitrai,
herds in the valleys - Shaphat,
Camels - Obil,
Donkeys - Jehdeiah,
Flocks - Jaziz.

Additionally, these men were on his staff:
Jonathan - Counselor,
Jehiel - Took care of the king’s sons.
Ahithophel - King’s counselor (succeeded by Jehoiada and Abiathar)
Hushai - King’s confidant.
Joab - Commander of the royal army.

1 Chronicles 26


The Gatekeepers
This chapter consists of the most exhaustive list of gatekeepers. Not only were these men guarding the gate, but also managing the temple treasury and other offices - which contained much valuables.

.






1 Chronicles 25

King David with musicians

Musicians
This chapter lists those men who were set aside for the ministry of prophesy, accompanied by harps, lyres and cymbals.

Under the direct supervision of the king were Asaph, Jeduthun and Heman. Then there were 288 individuals trained and skilled in music. 

1 Chronicles 24


The Divisions of Priests
There was bit of an imbalance in the priestly family and king David divided them accordingly by casting lots. They were assigned to minister the LORD.

This chapter narrates the genealogy of the Levite tribe.

.

1 Chronicles 23

King Solomon

The Levites
When king David was old, Solomon was made king over Israel.

King David counted those Levites thirty years and older.
- Twenty four thousand (24,000) Levites were put in charge of the work of the temple.
- Six thousand (6,000) Levites were allocated as officials and judges.
- Four thousand (4,000) Levites were assigned as gatekeepers.
- Another four thousand (4,000) were tasked with praising the LORD with the musical instruments.

Levites were grouped into divisions corresponding to the sons of Levi:
- Gershon,
- Kohath and
- Merari.

As the Levites did not have to carry the Ark anymore, they were commissioned with the task of helping Aaron’s descendants in the service of the temple of the LORD.

It was their job to serve before the LORD in the prescribed way, which they did. 

1 Chronicles 22

King David by Pedro Berruguete

Preparations for the Temple
King David was excited to build a temple to house the Ark. He laid the groundwork for it's preparations.
1 Chronicles 22:5 David said, “My son Solomon is young and inexperienced, and the house to be built for the Lord should be of great magnificence and fame and splendor in the sight of all the nations. Therefore I will make preparations for it.” So David made extensive preparations before his death.
He then charged Solomon with the task of building a temple for the LORD. He blessed Solomon with all the success he needed to build the temple. King David then provided about 3,750 tons of gold, 37,500 tons of silver and bronze, iron, wood and stone, too great to be measured.

Solomon was told to start the construction. All those leaders of Israel were asked to devote their hearts to the LORD and support the temple construction. The goal was to bring the Ark of the Covenant and the sacred articles into the temple.

Wednesday, September 25, 2013

Added few additional pages

Have you noticed those additional pages that we've put up out there since past few days? You probably saw it already.

However, for some reason, if you've been in a hurry or paying intense attention to the reading material, chances are, you may have missed it.


This is one of my other experimentation.

Home - our regular page where usual material will be found.

Guided Tour - page intended to provide a summary for each book. Say, if someone wants to read the book of 2 Samuel, then the reader will have to search thru all those archive folders and dig it up. Instead, the idea is to provide a summary page with all links (handy) at one place. How to shape this is still a confusion for me. Any bright ideas?

Daily Bible Reading - An online bible, pointing to the day's scripture reading.

Inspirations - Daily inspirational verse or image. Unlike others, the contents here will keep changing everyday and we cannot go back and read an old one. Idea is to read and enjoy. If it stays in your mind, that's fantastic.

Humor - same as above; keeps changing and is not being saved.

You are most welcome to mail me any content you think is appropriate.




Shhhh... something is still cooking in my mind... and should start appearing as a page on our blog soon. Without letting the cat out of the bag, I can say this much - it is about making an extraordinary trip, to the most wonderful and exciting place, in this whole wide universe.



.

1 Chronicles 21

David at the threshing floor of Araunah

David Numbers the Fighting Men
Once Satan incited king David towards taking a census of Israel. Joab at first objected this, but king David overruled it.

After conducting the census, Joab reported One million one hundred thousand men. Joab excluded Levi and Bejamin because of some repulsion.

LORD was not happy at this action of king David, and the message was communicated through prophet Gad. King David had three choices:
- three years of famine in the land,
- three months of exile with enemies chasing down,
- three days of plague over Israel

King David chose the last option and as a result, seventy thousand men died. He repented for his actions.

David Builds an Altar
David was told to build an altar for the LORD, on the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite. Accordingly, king David approached Araunah to sell the land to him at the full price, and obtained it.

An altar was built at this new site. Burnt offerings and fellowship offerings were offered upon the new altar. The plague had stopped and King David was afraid of the LORD.

This site later became the site for king Solomon's temple.

.

1 Chronicles 20


The Capture of Rabbah
Joab went to Rabbah, besieged it and left it to ruins, while king David remained in Jerusalem. The plunder including the king's crown was brought to Jerusalem.

War With the Philistines
Continuous war was being fought against the Philistines. This section talks about few key personnel in the Philistine army being subjugated and killed, including:
- Lahmi the brother of Goliath,
- A huge man with six fingers on each hand and six toes on each foot.





1 Chronicles 19

Hanun humiliates David's Ambassadors

The Battle Against the Ammonites
When the king of Ammonites died, King David sent an envoy to express sympathy. Hanan, the new king's advisers suggested them to be spies and humiliated them.
1 Chronicles 19:4 So Hanun seized David’s envoys, shaved them, cut off their garments at the buttocks, and sent them away.
When this news was broken to King David, he decided to deal with the situation. He asked the men to return only after their beards had grown back.

Hanan realized that he had gotten off on the wrong foot with king David. He then hired chariots and charioteers to fight king David and camped near Medeba. King David asked Joab to take charge. Joab and his brother Abishai worked out a strategic plan and chased them away.

King David got involved in this battle when the enemy came running towards Jerusalem. He killed many charioteers while facing them. Others made peace with king David.

2 Samuel 10 relates the same account.





----------------- Note
For those who are paying keen attention, and keeping tabs of all numbers, 1 Chronicles 19:18 and 2 Samuel 10:18 does not add up.

1 Chronicles 19:18 David killed seven thousand of their charioteers
2 Samuel 10:18 David killed seven hundred of their charioteers

Seems to be a typo by either one of the authors.


1 Chronicles 18


David's Victories
The LORD gave victory to king David wherever he went. He defeated several enemies, including
- Philistines,
- Moabites,
- Amalekites,
- Edomites,
- captured the chariots of Hadadezer, king of Zobah,
- Arameans became subject to him,

Those articles including gold, silver and bronze which were captured, were brought to Jerusalem and dedicated to the LORD.

David's Officials
King David was a righteous ruler.
1 Chronicles 18:14 David reigned over all Israel, doing what was just and right for all his people.

His team consisted of the following:
Joab - over the army;
Jehoshaphat - recorder;
Zadok and Ahimelek - priests;
Shavsha - secretary;
Benaiah - over the Kerethites and Pelethites;
David’s sons - chief officials at the king’s side.


Tuesday, September 24, 2013

1 Chronicles 17


God's Promise to David
King David cared very much about the Ark of Covenant. He told Prophet Nathan, “Here I am, living in a house of cedar, while the ark of the covenant of the Lord is under a tent.”

That night, LORD came to prophet Nathan and mentioned that one of David's offspring will build a temple to house the Ark of the Covenant. LORD also promised to establish his throne forever.

David’s Prayer
The words of the LORD were music to David's ears. He was thrilled and excited to hear about the future that was in store. He prayed,
1 Chronicles 17:23“And now, LORD, let the promise you have made concerning your servant and his house be established forever. Do as you promised, 24 so that it will be established and that your name will be great forever. Then people will say, ‘The LORD Almighty, the God over Israel, is Israel’s God!’ And the house of your servant David will be established before you.

Monday, September 23, 2013

1 Chronicles 16

King David before the Ark of the Covenant -  Pittoni

Ministering Before the Ark
Once the Ark of the Covenant was set inside the tent, king David made offerings before the LORD.
1 Chronicles 16:3 Then he gave a loaf of bread, a cake of dates and a cake of raisins to each Israelite man and woman.
Levites were asked to minister, and musicians were asked to play music in front of the Ark.

King David appointed Asaph to give praise to the LORD - which is narrated in verses 8 thru 36. The last part of the praise concludes like this:
34 Give thanks to the LORD, for he is good;
    his love endures forever.
35 Cry out, “Save us, God our Savior;
    gather us and deliver us from the nations,
that we may give thanks to your holy name,
    and glory in your praise.”
36 Praise be to the LORD, the God of Israel,
    from everlasting to everlasting.
Then all the people said “Amen” and “Praise the LORD.”
A special staff, including gatekeepers was set aside to minister in front of the Ark regularly.


.

1 Chronicles 15

Davidbearing the Ark of Covenant into Jerusalem - Domenico Gargiulo

The Ark Brought to Jerusalem
A tent was prepared to house the Ark. This time around, king David did his homework.
1 Chronicles 15:2 Then David said, “No one but the Levites may carry the ark of God, because the Lord chose them to carry the ark of the LORD and to minister before him forever.”
Entire Israel was invited to join this auspicious occasion. Levites were in charge of bringing the Ark. Musicians were allocated to sing and play musical instruments. They brought the Ark, with rejoicing. David was wearing a robe of fine linen and an ephod, and was found dancing in front of it.

When Michal, Saul's daughter saw David from a window, she despised him.

2 Samuel 6 gives a detailed account of David's entry into Jerusalem.

Michal watching David from her window

1 Chronicles 14

King David Playing the Harp Gerard van Honthorst

David’s House and Family
Hiram, king of Tyre sent him the material and craftsmen to build a palace. In Jerusalem, David took more wives and became the father of more sons and daughters as we read in 2 Samuel 5:13 - 16

David Defeats the Philistines
The Philistine army came attacking king David when he was anointed king over Israel. King David inquired with LORD before attacking them.

The LORD answered, “Go, I will deliver them into your hands.”

Sure enough, the Philistines were defeated. Once again the Philistines came after the Israelites. This time the LORD answered to circle around and attack them in front of the poplar trees. David's army stuck down the Philistines.

1 Chronicles 13

The Ark of the Covenant brought to Jerusalem

Bringing Back the Ark
After consulting with his officers, and elders, king David decided to bring the Ark of the Covenant into Jerusalem. 

An unfortunate event that marred the event was the death of Uzzah. When the oxen carrying the ark stumbled, Uzzah reached out his hand to steady the Ark; as a reuslt he died. 

Now, king David was both angry and afraid of the LORD's wrath. He then stationed the Ark with the family of Obed-Edom for three months. 

These events are narrated in 2 Samuel 6:1-11. 


1 Chronicles 12


Warriors Join David
When David fled to Achish, King of Gath, he was allowed to stay at Ziklag. This section lists those warriors who joined him at Ziklag.
1 Chronicles 12:2 they were armed with bows and were able to shoot arrows or to sling stones right-handed or left-handed; they were relatives of Saul from the tribe of Benjamin
Then there were brave warriors, those who were Gadites and those from the tribe of Manasseh.
1 Chronicles 12:22 Day after day men came to help David, until he had a great army, like the army of God.
Others Join David at Hebron
A large number of men armed for battle came fully determined to make David king over all Israel.
- Judah- 6,800,
- Simeon- 7,100,
- Levi- 4,600,
- Benjamin- 3,000,
- Ephraim- 20,800,
- half the tribe of Manasseh- 18,000,
- Issachar- 200 chiefs, plus their relatives,
- Zebulun- 50,000,
- Naphtali- 38,000,
- Dan- 28,600,
- Asher- 40,000,
-Reuben, Gad and the half-tribe of Manasseh- 120,000.


.

1 Chronicles 11


David Becomes King Over Israel
1 Chronicles 11:1-3 and 2 Samuel 5:1-3
After the death of Saul, the elders of Israel came to King David and made him king over Israel.

David Conquers Jerusalem
1 Chronicles 11:4-9 and 2 Samuel 5:6-10
David captured the Jebusites who lived in Jebus (Jerusalem) and captured the fortress of Zion. Joab led the attack and David later took up residence in the city. The city was then called City of David.

David’s Mighty Warriors
This section lists the names of David's mighty men. Prominent among them were:
- Jashobeam,
- Eleazar,
- Abishai,
- Benaiah,

Many others are listed in this section as well.




-------------------Additional Info
Benaiah, the valiant fighter, killing a lion is considered a strange event. 

1 Chronicles 10

Death of King Saul, Elie Marcuse, 1848,

Events explained in 1 Chronicles 10: 1-14 are also recorded in 1 Samuel 31: 1 - 13, as the battle of Mount Gibola.

Saul Takes His Life
The author describes only Saul's death in this book, as we saw it in 1 Samuel 31. Saul, after hearing the death of his sons and being hit by arrows, fell upon his own sword. He and his three sons died on the same day, and his army fled the scene. Philistines took the head of Saul and hung it in the temple of their idols. Few valiant men went and took the bodies of Saul and his sons and buried it in Jabesh.

The author makes the following points:
- Sin of all sinners will come out sooner or later,
- Nobody can be exempt from LORD'S judgement,
- Disobedience against the LORD is punishable.





Credits: Tel Aviv Museum of Arts, Israel. 

Prayer Request for Pastor Saeed Abedini



Take a moment to pray for those who are being persecuted. One name that comes to my mind is Pastor Saeed Abedini, who's been held captive in Iran since the summer of 2012. He's been sentenced to eight year in prison. Here is an article that appeared on The Christian Post.

Enjoy tomorrow's postings today!
Since I am taking medications (for backache), am not sure if I will wake up in time to post them. Meanwhile, we added a new page called Guided Tour - the idea is to have all the summary links at one place, making it easy to navigate - what do you say?

I realized that more than anybody, I need prayers and blessings to complete this assignment that I have undertaken. My flesh is really weak, and I could use little bit of strength to move on.

Have a wonderful Tuesday. 

1 Chronicles 9



The names in these chapters form a collective significance of the nation. This chapter sums up the subject of registry of Israel. The Levites are taken notice of, and particular mention is made of Saul and Jonathan’s stock. Notably missing among the tribes is that of Dan and Zebulun.

Now these continuous listing of names may seem boring. This list will soon come handy. 

1 Chronicles 8


This chapter describes the Genealogy of Saul the Benjamite. In the Blessing of Jacob, Benjamin is referred to as a ravenous wolf.

Saul - who converted and became St. Paul, belonged to the Benjamite tribe. This Saul/St.Paul is in the New Testament.

1 Chronicles 7


Here we meet the descendants of
- Issachar,
- Benjamin,
- Naphtali,
- Manasseh,
- Ephraim,
- Asher,

Another miserable name we come across in the genealogy is Beriah. Ephraim grieved when his two sons who went to seize the cattle were killed. He eventually found comfort in his wife and she soon gave birth to another son, whom he named Beriah, which meant 'misfortune.'


1 Chronicles 6

David Playing the Harp 1670 Jan de Bray

The genealogy of Levi, along with the Temple Musicians, and their children is narrated in this chapter.

These were musicians whom David put in charge at the house of the LORD, when the Ark was placed there. They continued playing music until Solomon built the temple of the LORD.




1 Chronicles 5


Here we meet those in the tribes of Ruben, Gad, and the half-tribe of Manasseh.

Jacob judged Ruben lacking self-control, and Ruben losing his birthright is listed in:
1 Chronicles 5:1 The sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel (he was the firstborn, but when he defiled his father’s marriage bed, his rights as firstborn were given to the sons of Joseph son of Israel; so he could not be listed in the genealogical record in accordance with his birthright.
Instead, Joseph received the birthright, though Judah was the strongest.


1 Chronicles 4


In this chapter, we read about other clans of Judah, and Simeon.

1 Chronicles 4:9 refers to Jabez, whose mom named him so, which means, "I gave birth to him in pain." Jabez turned to LORD for blessings.

Few leaders of clans are listed towards the end, and the text documents their settlement as well.




1 Chronicles 3


This chapter narrates:
- The Sons of David,
- The Kings of Judah,
- The Royal Line After the Exile.

Some of the firstborns mentioned in this chapter threw away their birth-rights. They threw their privileges away, for the pleasures of sin.
- Amnon violated his half sister Tamar, and was later slain by Absalom,
- Ruben lost his birthright because he violated his father's concubine.

1 Chronicles 2



This chapter starts with an account of Israel’s Sons, which begins with Judah:

- To Hezron’s Sons,
- From Ram Son of Hezron,
- Caleb Son of Hezron,
- Jerahmeel Son of Hezron,
- The Clans of Caleb.

1 Chronicles 2:3 talks about Er, who was wicked in the LORD'S sight; so the LORD put him to death. We do not know the true nature of his sin.

According to LORD'S law, Er's brother, Onan, was supposed to marry Er's widow. Onan did not marry her as narrated in Deuteronomy 25:5-10, and was killed. Due to his action, Onan's name made it to English dictionary as Onanism, which means masturbation.




1 Chronicles 1


Genealogy was important to the tribe/clan as property and family relationships depended upon it. A firstborn son received twice the inheritance of other sons. In order for a person to serve as a priest, he had to prove that he belonged to the Levi tribe. I will not restate these names again.

This chapter gives a historical record from Adam
- To Noah’s Sons,
- The Japhethites,
- The Hamites,
- The Semites,
- The Family of Abraham,
- Descendants of Hagar,
- Descendants of Keturah,
- Descendants of Sarah,
- Esau’s Sons,
- The People of Seir in Edom,
- The Rulers of Edom.

1 Chronicles 1:10 refers about Nimrod, who was a mighty hunter. He was a hunter of animals, and not of people. He was the one who used to wear "Adam's Coat."

Introduction to the Book of Chronicles


Introduction
The Author of Chronicles is unknown - most believe it to be either Prophet Ezra or Nehemiah. In Chronicles, the story is retold as in Samuel and Kings - more like Kings. Unlike Kings where sins of the leaders are mentioned, Chronicles takes precedence in portraying their good deeds.

History can be looked in various angles - glorious days or regrets over missed opportunities. Kings portray Israel as a flawed nation at best; Chronicles portray Israel as a good nation gone bad.

The Books of Kings
- Author is primarily interested in the kings of Israel and Judah.
- Kings are viewed under the law of Moses,
- Relates the facts in a narrative format
- Attention given to prophecy, as related to kings.

The Books of Chronicles
- Author is primarily interested in those kings of Judah,
- Author views events through a theological lens,
- Emphasis is given to temple and worship.

The author of Chronicles asks a burning question, concerning the past, "Is God still interested in us?"